Saturday, 10 March 2012

JAMAICA




JAMAICA - MAMIE BAY

In Jamaica the people are mostly descended from African Slaves but the history began with the America Indians.
The Arawak and Taino indigenous people immigrated from South America and settled in Jamaica about 4000 to 1000 BC ago. At the time of Christopher Columbus' arrival there were 200 villages ruled by the chief of the village.
Most of the people live on the south coast. Taino were still living there when England took control. The English Admiral William Penn (father of William Penn, Pennsylvania) and General Robert Venables seized the island in 1655.
Under the 200 yeas of British rules Jamaica became one of the top producer of sugar, depending on slaves. They produced annually 77,000 tons from 1820 till 1824.  After the abolition of slave trade in 1807, but not slavery itself, the British imported Indians and Chinese as servants to fill the gap.  There are still descendants living there today.





OCHO RIOS

In the early 19th century their reliance on slavery resulted in 20 to 1. The British Government tried to stop slavery and to improve work conditions which mend no whipping or flogging women. However, the Jamaica House of Assembly turned it down. Britain formerly abolished slavery in 1834 and full freedom from chattel slavery in 1838. The population in 1834 were 15,000 whites, 5,000 free blacks, 40,000 coloured and 311,070 slaves.

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In the 17th and 18th centuries African slaves were brought over to work in the many plantations. The plantations grew sugar canes, bananas, coffee and other crops. Many estate still grow these variety today and it is a great export.
Jamaica is the largest English-speaking island in the Caribbean.
The country has many extreme areas. After the densely forests follows the almost uninhabited Blue Mountains and from swamps to arid hills. It also has a very prosperous farming district. The lime-stone hills in the north-west have eroded by heavy rains. These many gaping pits are being called the Cockpit Country.
While the coastal area is warm and humid the inland is drier and more pleasant. Jamaica has a very rich plant life. They cultivate many valuable timers especially the huge silk-cotton tree. The tree grows to such an extent that the trunk is used for canoes. Hibiscus and bougainvillea flower everywhere. Jamaica has also a huge variety of birds such as Hummingbirds, parrots and tanagers to name but a few. In the rivers are crocodiles and turtles.
Jamaica is know for their Rastafarian belief which is a kind of Christianity deriving from the Ethiopian Orthodox church. As a sign of their religions they wear their hear in dreadlocks.
Jamaican people love their reggae music and have provided inspiration for many black people around the world. It produced many great artist but one of the best known if Bob Marley.


                                        BOB MARLEY

Jamaica is one of the world's leading producers of bauxite which is necessary to make aluminium. The island has many factories. Some factories are only producing goods only for local consumption. Others are clothing factories or assembly for goods exported to the USA. Tourism is also a very import industry to boost the economy. After the indepence Jamaica has had a flourishing democracy.
However, in 1972 Jamaica elected the PNP (People National Party) to create equality.
1980 Jamaica started to decline economically and mid 1980 the largest aluminium producers Alpart and Alcoa closed down. The second largest producer Alcan reduced its production. Reynold Jamaica Mines Ltd. left Jamaica. Also the tourism slowed down because of the crime rate.
Jamaica is such a beautiful country and the people as such are really nice but unfortunately certain gangs got hold of it and destroying it. Instead of building it up legally and steadily which would lead to wealth all round.
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